What is the primary site of protein synthesis within eukaryotic cells?
What is the primary site of protein production in a eukaryotic cell ? Ribosomes are the sites of protein synthesis .
Which of the following correctly describes the locations of transcription and translation within a eukaryotic cell group of answer choices?
Which of the following correctly describes the locations of transcription and translation within a eukaryotic cell ? DNA is transcribed in the nucleus, then the mRNA transcript is transported to the cytoplasm to be translated into protein.
Which of the following molecules is not directly involved in translation?
However, DNA is not directly involved in the translation process, instead mRNA is transcribed into a sequence of amino acids .
Which molecule is made during the process of transcription?
Transcription is the process by which the information in a strand of DNA is copied into a new molecule of messenger RNA ( mRNA ). DNA safely and stably stores genetic material in the nuclei of cells as a reference, or template.
Which best summarizes the process of protein synthesis?
RNA moves the DNA code to the ribosomes for protein synthesis is the best way to summarize the process of protein synthesis .
What are the site of protein synthesis called?
Ribosomes are the sites in a cell in which protein synthesis takes place . Cells have many ribosomes, and the exact number depends on how active a particular cell is in synthesizing proteins . For example, rapidly growing cells usually have a large number of ribosomes (Figure 5).
What are the 7 steps of protein synthesis?
Terms in this set (12) DNA unzips in the nucleus. mRNA nucleotides transcribe the complementary DNA message. mRNA leaves nucleus and goes to ribosome. mRNA attaches to ribosome and first codon is read. tRNA brings in proper amino acid from cytoplasm. a second tRNA brings in new amino acid.
What are the 5 steps of protein synthesis?
5 Major Stages of Protein Synthesis (explained with diagram) | (a) Activation of amino acids: (b) Transfer of amino acid to tRNA: (c) Initiation of polypeptide chain: (d) Chain Termination : (e) Protein translocation:
What are the steps to protein synthesis?
Protein synthesis is the process in which cells make proteins. It occurs in two stages: transcription and translation . Transcription is the transfer of genetic instructions in DNA to mRNA in the nucleus. It includes three steps: initiation , elongation , and termination .
Is DNA involved in protein synthesis?
DNA is the primary genetic material contained within your cells and in nearly all organisms. It’s used to create proteins during protein synthesis , which is a multi-step process that takes the coded message of DNA and converts it into a usable protein molecule.
What is the end result of translation?
When the ribosome reaches a stop codon, it releases the mRNA strand and amino acid sequence. The amino acid sequence is the final result of translation, and is known as a polypeptide.
What happens during translation?
The entire process is called gene expression. In translation , messenger RNA (mRNA) is decoded in a ribosome, outside the nucleus, to produce a specific amino acid chain, or polypeptide. The polypeptide later folds into an active protein and performs its functions in the cell.
What are the 5 steps of transcription?
Transcription is the name given to the process in which DNA is copied to make a complementary strand of RNA. RNA then undergoes translation to make proteins. The major steps of transcription are initiation , promoter clearance, elongation , and termination .
What is produced from transcription?
Transcription is the process of producing a strand of RNA from a strand of DNA. Similar to the way DNA is used as a template in DNA replication, it is again used as a template during transcription . The information that is stored in DNA molecules is rewritten or ‘ transcribed ‘ into a new RNA molecule.
How are proteins produced in a cell?
Protein from your diet is broken down into individual amino acids which are reassembled by your ribosomes into proteins that your cells need. The information to produce a protein is encoded in the cell’s DNA. When a protein is produced , a copy of the DNA is made (called mRNA) and this copy is transported to a ribosome.