Which membranous organelle is responsible for protein synthesis?
Ribosomes , large complexes of protein and ribonucleic acid (RNA), are the cellular organelles responsible for protein synthesis.
How do organelles work together in protein synthesis?
Protein Synthesis To make proteins , DNA transcribes information into RNA in the nucleus. Transcription is like making copies of the information from DNA and applying this information in a new format. The RNA exits the nucleus and travels through the cytoplasm to ribosomes on the rough endoplasmic reticulum.
Which of the following cell structures are involved in propelling substances across cell surfaces?
The mRNA start codon, AUG, matches up with a tRNA anticodon, __________. Which of the following cell structures are involved in propelling substances across cell surfaces? right answer feedback: Cilia move in unison, creating a unidirectional current that propels substances across cell surfaces.
Why the cell membrane is the most important organelle?
Answer and Explanation: The cellular membrane is the most important organelle for maintaining homeostasis because it is responsible for determining what goes in and out of the cell . It is selectively permeable, which means that only certain items are allowed in or out.
What three organelles are involved in protein synthesis?
what is the list of organelles that take part in protein nucleus . nucleolus . ribosomes . golgi apparatus .
Which organelle is responsible for protein synthesis quizlet?
Ribosomes are Responsible for Protein Synthesis and are often Associated with the Endoplasmic Reticulum 3.5 Flashcards | Quizlet.
What is the correct order of organelles in protein synthesis?
Proteins destined to be secreted move through the secretory pathway in the following order : rough ER → ER-to-Golgi transport vesicles → Golgi cisternae → secretory or transport vesicles → cell surface (exocytosis) (see Figure 17-13). Small transport vesicles bud off from the ER and fuse to form the cis-Golgi reticulum.
What 3 organelles work together?
Terms in this set (7) nucleus and ribosomes . endoplasmic reticulum and golgi apparatus . Endoplasmic Reticulum and ribosomes . golgi apparatus and lysosomes. nucleus and endoplasmic reticulum . cell membrane and golgi appararatus and vesicles. Endoplasmic Reticulum and cell membranes.
What are the two main stages of protein synthesis?
Protein synthesis can be divided broadly into two phases – transcription and translation. During transcription, a section of DNA encoding a protein , known as a gene, is converted into a template molecule called messenger RNA (mRNA).
What happens after solid material is Phagocytized?
Once solid material is phagocytized and taken into a vacuole, which of the following statements best describes what happens ? A lysosome combines with the vacuole and digests the enclosed solid material . C) The vacuole remains separated from the cytoplasm and the solid material persists unchanged.
Which of the following cell structures is the source of energy for a cell?
Animals and plants are made up of many complex cells called eukaryotic cells. Inside these cells are structures that perform special functions for the cell called organelles. The organelle that is responsible for producing energy for the cell is the mitochondria .
What is the outer boundary of a cell?
Membrane, in biology , the thin layer that forms the outer boundary of a living cell or of an internal cell compartment . The outer boundary is the plasma membrane , and the compartments enclosed by internal membranes are called organelles.
What organelle is most important?
Nucleus . The nucleus is one of the most important organelles in a cell . It is often the largest organelle in animal cells , but this is not always the case. Nuclei contain the genetic material called DNA that is responsible for controlling and directing all cell activities.
What is the main function of the Golgi apparatus?
A Golgi body, also known as a Golgi apparatus, is a cell organelle that helps process and package proteins and lipid molecules, especially proteins destined to be exported from the cell. Named after its discoverer, Camillo Golgi, the Golgi body appears as a series of stacked membranes.
What organelle does the cell membrane work with?
These structures do exchange membrane material, however, via a special type of transport. Today, scientists know that the endomembrane system includes the endoplasmic reticulum (ER ), Golgi apparatus , and lysosomes . Vesicles also allow the exchange of membrane components with a cell’s plasma membrane.