Why is the deltoid muscle used for intramuscular injection?
The deltoid muscle is the site most typically used for vaccines. However, this site is not common for self- injection , because its small muscle mass limits the volume of medication that can be injected — typically no more than 1 milliliter.
Which is the nurse’s best response when asked about the advantage of parenteral medication administration?
Which is the nurse’s best response when asked about the advantage of parenteral medication administration ? “The parenteral route is easy to administer.”
What are the four routes of parenteral administration?
Needle insertion angles for 4 types of parenteral administration of medication: intramuscular , subcutaneous , intravenous , and intradermal injection .
Which of the following is a landmark for a deltoid injection?
To locate the landmark for the deltoid muscle , expose the upper arm and find the acromion process by palpating the bony prominence. The injection site is in the middle of the deltoid muscle , about 2.5 to 5 cm (1 to 2 inches) below the acromion process .
How do you inject a deltoid muscle?
Giving an IM injection into the deltoid site Find the knobbly top of the arm (acromion process) The top border of an inverted triangle is two finger widths down from the acromion process. Stretch the skin and then bunch up the muscle . Insert the needle at a right angle to the skin in the centre of the inverted triangle.
What are the complications of intramuscular injection?
Common complications associated with the intramuscular injection can be summarized as : Muscle fibrosis and contracture. Abscess at the injection site. Gangrene. Nerve injury -the sciatic nerve in gluteal injection, the femoral nerve in vastus lateralis injection.
What is an advantage of parenteral medication administration quizlet?
The parenteral route of drug administration offers an effective mode of delivering medication to a patient when a rapid and direct result is desired. Injected drugs are absorbed directly into the bloodstream; therefore, they manifest their medicinal effects within minutes.
Which route of drug administration is most economical and convenient?
1. The oral route of administration is the safest, most economical and the most convenient way of giving medicines. The dosage forms of the oral route include Tablets, Capsules, Powders, Mixtures, Emulsions and Gels. Most drugs are absorbed from small intestine but some are absorbed from stomach and colon.
Which nursing intervention is done to prevent needlestick injuries after intravenous administration?
The nurse should use the needleless port of the main intravenous line after cleaning with an antiseptic swab to prevent accidental needlestick injuries . The nurse should adjust the regulator clamp infusion rate to maintain therapeutic blood levels.
What is difference between enteral and parenteral routes of administration?
Enteral administration involves the esophagus, stomach, and small and large intestines (i.e., the gastrointestinal tract). Methods of administration include oral, sublingual (dissolving the drug under the tongue), and rectal. Parenteral administration is via a peripheral or central vein.
What are the common injectable routes of administration?
Injection routes Subcutaneous (under the skin) Intramuscular (in a muscle) Intravenous (in a vein) Intrathecal (around the spinal cord)
What are examples of parenteral administration?
The most common parenteral routes of drug administration are intravenous, intraosseous, intramuscular, subcutaneous, epidural, and intradermal. Let’s take a closer look at each. Medicines or fluids that go directly into the patient’s vein are being given by the intravenous (IV) route .
How do you administer a flu shot in the deltoid?
Intramuscular injections are administered at a 90-degree angle to the skin, preferably into the anterolateral aspect of the thigh or the deltoid muscle of the upper arm, depending on the age of the patient (Table 6-2). The needle gauge for intramuscular injection is 22-25 gauge.
Where is the deltoid muscle injection site?
Injection site Give in the central and thickest portion of the deltoid muscle – above the level of the armpit and approximately 2–3 fingerbreadths (~2″) below the acromion process.