What makes a Superfund site?
Superfund sites are polluted locations in the United States requiring a long-term response to clean up hazardous material contaminations. They were designated under the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA) of 1980.
What is an example of a Superfund site?
* Berkeley Pit is a defunct open-pit copper mine near Butte, Mont. It’s been slowly filling up with water that is highly acidic and laced with metals. The EPA issued a cleanup plan in 1994, but it’s still negotiating with companies over who is responsible for paying the bill.
How does Superfund work?
It allows EPA to clean up contaminated sites. It also forces the parties responsible for the contamination to either perform cleanups or reimburse the government for EPA-led cleanup work . When there is no viable responsible party, Superfund gives EPA the funds and authority to clean up contaminated sites.
Are Superfund sites safe?
Are all Superfund sites dangerous? Yes, and no. The EPA deems many areas as “ safe ” after cleanup goals are met, such as removing all contaminated earth or pollutants. The EPA’s risk assessment guide says that many areas that have been cleaned up pose “little” risk.
What is the largest Superfund site in the US?
Site Profile Pages The 586 square mile Hanford Site is home to one of the largest Superfund cleanups in the nation. Hanford is divided into four National Priorities List (NPL) sites .
What is the most toxic city in America?
The EPA has declared Picher to be the most toxic city in the United States of America . It remains a ghost town , completely uninhabitable.
How far should you live from a Superfund site?
Obviously, proximity to a Superfund site is critical; four miles’ distance poses a decreased health risk as compared to a mere forty feet.
Who pays for Superfund cleanup?
The Superfund Trust Fund provides tax money to pay the Federal share of site cleanups , but whenever possible EPA forces those responsible for contaminating a site to clean it up. Sharing Cleanup Costs Businesses often create Superfund sites by improperly disposing of hazardous wastes.
Is the Superfund program successful?
Today the Superfund program is being run about as well as it can be, but its performance still is unsatisfactory: The pace of cleanup at contaminated sites is too slow. After years of disruption, the Superfund program is finally working the way Congress intended-and therein lies the problem.
Where does the Superfund money come from?
The Superfund trust fund has received revenue from four major sources: taxes on crude oil and certain chemicals, as well as an environmental tax assessed on corporations based upon their taxable income; appropriations from the general fund; fines, penalties, and recoveries from responsible parties; and interest accrued
How much money is in the Superfund?
More than $8.2 billion has been made available in special accounts through the deposit of funds from PRP settlements and interest earned. Approximately $4.7 billion of that amount has been spent on Superfund site cleanups. The balance of $3.5 billion is planned to be used for ongoing or future Superfund cleanup work.
How long does it take to clean a Superfund site?
For planning its Superfund activities, EPA set an expectation for 1993 that sites would be cleaned up within 5 years of being listed. EPA officials said that they have not formally revised the expectation, but now believe that sites will be cleaned up within 7 or 8 years of their listing.
Which state has the most Superfund sites?
Since industry and waste tend to follow people, Superfund sites are often concentrated in highly populated areas. New Jersey — the densest state by population — has more toxic sites than any other state in the country, at 114, with California and Pennsylvania close behind.
What percentage of Superfund sites have been cleaned up?
About 50 properties have been cleaned up to date, addressing more than 90 percent of all site areas.
What is the most common contaminant found in brownfields?
Some of the most common contaminants identified at Brownfield sites are from fuels such as oil, gasoline, diesel and kerosene from underground storage tanks, floor drains, outside storage of barrels and machinery, and cleaning solvents.