What would qualify a site as a Superfund site?
To become a Superfund Site an area must be listed on the National Priorities List (NPL). Consider this the Little Black Book of contaminated sites – places that make this list are the heavy hitters of contaminated properties, considered to pose the greatest risk to local populations and the environment.
What is a Superfund site and how does the program work?
EPA’s Superfund program is responsible for cleaning up some of the nation’s most contaminated land and responding to environmental emergencies, oil spills and natural disasters.
What does Superfund mean?
Superfund is the common name given to the law called the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act of 1980, or CERCLA. Superfund is also the trust fund set up by Congress to handle emergency and hazardous waste sites needing long-term cleanup.
What is an example of a Superfund site?
* Berkeley Pit is a defunct open-pit copper mine near Butte, Mont. It’s been slowly filling up with water that is highly acidic and laced with metals. The EPA issued a cleanup plan in 1994, but it’s still negotiating with companies over who is responsible for paying the bill.
How far should you live from a Superfund site?
Obviously, proximity to a Superfund site is critical; four miles’ distance poses a decreased health risk as compared to a mere forty feet.
What is the largest Superfund site in the US?
Site Profile Pages The 586 square mile Hanford Site is home to one of the largest Superfund cleanups in the nation. Hanford is divided into four National Priorities List (NPL) sites .
Is the Superfund program successful?
Today the Superfund program is being run about as well as it can be, but its performance still is unsatisfactory: The pace of cleanup at contaminated sites is too slow. After years of disruption, the Superfund program is finally working the way Congress intended-and therein lies the problem.
Are Superfund sites safe?
Are all Superfund sites dangerous? Yes, and no. The EPA deems many areas as “ safe ” after cleanup goals are met, such as removing all contaminated earth or pollutants. The EPA’s risk assessment guide says that many areas that have been cleaned up pose “little” risk.
Who pays for Superfund cleanup?
The Superfund Trust Fund provides tax money to pay the Federal share of site cleanups , but whenever possible EPA forces those responsible for contaminating a site to clean it up. Sharing Cleanup Costs Businesses often create Superfund sites by improperly disposing of hazardous wastes.
What state has the most toxic waste dumps?
New Jersey , California , and Pennsylvania have the most sites.
Which states have the most Superfund sites?
Among the 50 states, there were 1,303 Superfund sites. The states with the most Superfund sites were New Jersey (113 sites), California (97 sites) and Pennsylvania (95 sites). The states with the fewest Superfund sites were North Dakota (no sites), Nevada (one site) and South Dakota (two sites).
How much money is in the Superfund?
More than $8.2 billion has been made available in special accounts through the deposit of funds from PRP settlements and interest earned. Approximately $4.7 billion of that amount has been spent on Superfund site cleanups. The balance of $3.5 billion is planned to be used for ongoing or future Superfund cleanup work.
Where is the most toxic place in America?
The title for most toxic location in the United States goes to a remote, and perhaps surprising location. According to the EPA’s Toxics Release Inventory (TRI), Kotzebue, Alaska, a city of 3,500 residents located 30 miles north of the Arctic Circle takes that dubious honor.
What is EPA do?
The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency ( EPA ) is responsible for the protection of human health and the environment. EPA : Provides technical assistance to support recovery planning of public health and infrastructure, such as waste water treatment plants.
How does Superfund work?
It allows EPA to clean up contaminated sites. It also forces the parties responsible for the contamination to either perform cleanups or reimburse the government for EPA-led cleanup work . When there is no viable responsible party, Superfund gives EPA the funds and authority to clean up contaminated sites.