What happened at Love Canal in New York State?
In 1978, Love Canal , located near Niagara Falls in upstate New York , was a nice little working-class enclave with hundreds of houses and a school. It just happened to sit atop 21,000 tons of toxic industrial waste that had been buried underground in the 1940s and ’50s by a local company.
When was the Love Canal cleaned up?
The Love Canal incident became a symbol of improperly stored chemical waste. Clean up of Love Canal , which was funded by Superfund and completely finished in 2004, involved removing contaminated soil, installing drainage pipes to capture contaminated groundwater for treatment, and covering it with clay and plastic.
Where was the Love Canal disaster?
What caused the Love Canal tragedy?
As it turns out, consecutive wet winters in the late 1970s raised the water table and caused the chemicals to leach (via underground swales and a sewer system that drained into nearby creeks) into the basements and yards of neighborhood residents, as well as into the playground of the elementary school built directly
Is the Love Canal still toxic?
According to the federal agency’s website, the waste site and the neighborhood are safe. In the case before Kloch, lawyers for more than 550 present and former residents of the Love Canal neighborhood contend that toxic contamination from the landfill created a “public health catastrophe” in the neighborhood.
How did they clean the Love Canal?
Industrial chemicals dumped into the partly completed canal by the Hooker Chemical Company from 1947 to 1952 have been removed or contained in one area that was lined with impermeable materials and capped by clay. A drainage system collects water runoff and treats it.
What is Love Canal called today?
In 1890, Love Canal was created as a model planned community, but was only partially developed. In the 1920s, the canal became a dump site for municipal refuse for the city of Niagara Falls.
Who was affected by the Love Canal?
Miscarriages were found to have increased 300%, for example, and most occurred in women who lived in the historically wet areas. From 1974 to 1978, 56% of the children in the Love Canal neighborhood were born with a birth defect, including three ears, a double row of teeth, and mental retardation.
What is Love Canal today?
Love Canal Today Today , Niagara Falls is home to 89 Superfund sites, of which two are active NPL sites, 14 are active non-NPL Superfund sites and 73 are archived sites. Love Canal was removed from the NPL in September 2004.
What happened at Love Canal and Three Mile Island?
Three Mile Island was the worst accident at a commercial nuclear power-plant and appeared at the time to be a disaster in the making. Love Canal was the first documented instance of a deposit of a toxic waste, in the midst of a residential area, causing harm to the inhabitants.
How long did the Love Canal last?
Love Canal’s notorious history began when Hooker Chemical Co. used the abandoned canal from 1942 to 1953 to dump 21,800 tons of industrial hazardous waste. That canal was later capped, and homes and a school were built on top of it.
How did Love Canal lead to the Superfund Act?
Due to the actions of Gibbs and the Love Canal Homeowners Association, President Jimmy Carter signed the Superfund bill into law on December 11, 1980. Part of the Superfund payment to Love Canal included $20 million to move Love Canal residents into safer neighborhoods.
Is Love Canal safe?
In 1988, after the federal Environmental Protection Agency and New York state conducted thousands of soil, air and water tests…the state determined the areas directly east of Love Canal were not safe to live. But the areas directly north and west were.